It can be confusing to know about the different opportunities to train in interventional radiology in Canada, especially when training structures are evolving! We hope this information will help clarify any questions you may have.
TYPES OF RESIDENCIES
Previously, the pathway to interventional radiology training in Canada was entirely fellowship based, consisting of a one-year Interventional Radiology (IR) fellowship following the completion of a five-year Diagnostic Radiology (DR) residency. Gradually, some Canadian institutions are altering their training pathway to include an interventional radiology residency training pathway, which often incorporates interventional radiology training into the diagnostic radiology residency.
It is important to note that there are currently no direct entry interventional radiology residencies in Canada, and all programs require training in diagnostic radiology beforehand. This differs from the United States, where one can begin their integrated training in diagnostic and interventional radiology directly after medical school. The Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR) has resources detailing the interventional radiology training available in the United States, available here.
Table 1 – Comparing different types of interventional radiology training. IR: interventional radiology, DR: diagnostic radiology.
|IR Residency (from DR)
|IR Residency (direct entry)
|Available in Canada
|Yes, select schools
|Length of training
|5 years DR, 1 year IR
|Varies, either 5 years DR/1 year IR or 4 years DR/2 years IR
|Royal College DR, IR certification (Royal College exam not mandatory)
|DR & IR Royal College Exams
IR RESIDENCIES IN CANADA
We surveyed current diagnostic radiology residency program in Canada regarding interventional radiology residency programs. Three programs are currently active – University of Montreal, Laval, and Western University. The University of Toronto, University of Ottawa, and McGill are currently developing their IR residencies.
Table 2 – Currently active IR Residencies in Canada
|Université de Montréal
|Number of positions
|1 year, post DR
|2 years (includes PGY5 of DR)
|1 year, with more IR electives in PGY5 of DR
|Dr. Marie-France Giroux
|Dr. Catherine Lalonde
|Dr. Lojan Sivakumaran,
Interventional radiology residency programs that have been accredited by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada can be seen on their website, however this does not always correlate to currently active programs. We suggest reaching out to the programs directly for application information.